3. Fitting new tyres: If the tread-depth dips below than what is recommended, junk the old tyres and buy a new pair. However, in many cases, it has been seen that not all the tyres need replacing in a vehicle at the same time; it could be only be one or two tyres.
If you buy only two new tyres, install them on the rear axle irrespective of whether your car is front-wheel drive or rear-wheel drive or all-wheel drive. This is done because a worn out set of tyres will tend to oversteer (rear spinning out) when fitted on the rear axle. However, when placed on front, the same tyres will precipitate understeer (turning less sharply; vehicle moves away from the desired trajectory) which is more controllable and of course less scary.
Make it a point to put tyres with more tread-depth at the back during routine tyre services as well.
4. Maintaining correct air pressure: An over-inflated tyre will reduce the surface area of the tyre, thereby, also reducing its contact patch on the road. This will make your vehicle more prone to aquaplaning. Similarly, an under-inflated tyre will put more stress on the tyre sidewall and will increase the chances of a puncture if in case you inadvertently hit something – which is more likely to happen during rains than on normal driving days. As per a study, chances of aquaplaning increase sharply if tyre pressure is reduced 30 per cent below the recommended value.
Also, maintaining correct air-pressure is not a monsoon-specific practice. You should always maintain correct pressure on all wheels all the time.
5. Cornering: When a vehicle encounters a corner, its tyres go through a series of rapid activities like decelerating, braking, leaning and accelerating- all at the same time. Whilst driving/riding on wet roads, try and avoid putting excessive ‘cornering’ forces on tyres. The physics behind this is simple- the friction between the road and tyre is reduced by a great extent in such conditions. As a result, you are required to take corners in a more conservative manner than usual. Otherwise, you may end up skidding or losing control of the vehicle completely!
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