Science Behind Tyres
Published On 07-Jun-2016
Tyres are an essential element in the automobiles that we drive. They assign the control and handling that we require when driving, and ensure that safety prevails on the roads. But when you take these things apart, what is it that forms them and their dutiful function for the car?
Tyres render performance through the blend of numerous features that together make them what they are. The radials are made with the most high octane engineering, and they have silent aspects that people do not usually notice when using them. These features are responsible for rendering them useful in what they do, and in ensuring control for the vehicle.
Physics of Tyres:
1. Tread pattern:
The tread pattern is the most vital feature in tyres. This is the design that the tyre has, and its defining feature. There are tread patterns made for specific functions. For example, a particular tread pattern might be made for enhancing performance, while another may be for better control. Therefore, the tyre's tread pattern is the imperative element in the vehicle's running.
The tread pattern of the tyre functions to bring grip when driving. Certain patterns are made for higher grip, and reduced speed and accelerations, while others provide easier speed raising, but slippery grip.
2. The grooves:
The grooves are responsible also for building grip. But in addition to this, the deep grooves also bring control for the vehicle on wet surfaces. When the vehicle treads on wet surfaces, the grooves function to pump out water and preserve the contact with the ground. They also ensure that hydroplaning, a situation in which water stands between the tyre and the ground leading to loss of control is prevented. The grooves are the most essential element to be observed when driving on wet surfaces.
3. The contact patch:
The area that the tyre has in contact with the ground is known as the contact patch. This is wider in some tyres, and slimmer in others, depending on the need that the vehicle has. The contact patch is responsible for building traction and keeping the car anchored to the ground when driving. A wider contact patch provides optimum grip, holding the vehicle down firmly. The contact patch is also a feature that helps to build stable driving and balance. The safety that the vehicle is supported by is a feature provided by the strength of the contact patch.
4. Stabilizing belt:
This is a feature that goes amiss to regular viewers. The build of radials of the day always incorporate this aspect. Steel cords are wrapped around the tyre from the inside, meant to bring it a sturdy and durable make. The steel belt that enforces it from the inside gives the tyre a stronger mold, and brings a raise on the vehicle's performance as well. It is a feature that most tyres of the day cannot do without.
These features, together, build what our vehicles ride on. A tyre is incomplete without standard equipment with the above mentioned features. Radials of the day are enhanced for high-end stability and performance, and they are bolstered to towers of quality only with advancements in design that have taken place over the length of their invention, and that will continue to occur continually for as long as tyres exist.